Photodiodes

Photodiodes are used in an array of every day electronic devices such as camera's, smoke detectors, burglar alarms, safety equipment, medical applications, CD players and surveying instruments to name a few.

What is a photodiode?

They are used as light sensors or detectors. When light reaches a photodiode, this is converted to electrical energy in the form of an electric current. The photocurrent that is produced is proportional to the amount of light. Photodiodes can also be known as photosensors, photodetectors and light detectors.

Photonic applications use the photon in the same way as electronic applications use the electron. There is usually a small amount of electric current that flows through these photosensitive devices even when no light (photons) are entering it. This is known as dark current.

What are the different types?

The PN photodiode was the first to be developed, it is not so widely used these days due to their relatively low performance compared to newer technologies.

The PIN photodiode has a wider surface area and allows for more light photons to be collected, as well as having a lower capacitance. It is the most widely used diode today.

Avalanche photodiodes are used in areas where there is low light, it operates under a high reverse bias condition. The higher the reverse voltage, the higher the gain.

Schottky photodiode is based on the schottky diode, or shottky barrier diode. It provides additional functions over others, particularly with regards to high speed and long wavelength detection.

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Description Price Spectrums Detected Wavelength of Peak Sensitivity Package Type Mounting Type Number of Pins Diode Material Minimum Wavelength Detected Maximum Wavelength Detected Typical Fall Time Length Width Height Angle of Half Sensitivity Automotive Standard
RS Stock No. 247-240
Mfr. Part No.BPW 34
$1.772
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Infrared, Visible Light 850nm DIP Through Hole 2 Si 400nm 1100nm - 4.5mm 4mm 2.2mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5163
Mfr. Part No.BPW 34
$0.654
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
units
Infrared, Visible Light 850nm DIP Through Hole 2 Si 400nm 1100nm - 4.5mm 4mm 2.2mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 654-8895
Mfr. Part No.SFH 213 FA
$1.728
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Infrared 900nm T-1 3/4 Through Hole 2 Si 750nm 1100nm - 5.9mm 5mm 9mm 10 ° -
RS Stock No. 912-8564
Mfr. Part No.SFH 213 FA
$0.611
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
Infrared 900nm - Through Hole 2 Si 750nm 1100nm - 5.9mm 5mm 9mm 10 ° -
RS Stock No. 497-5661
Mfr. Part No.BPW 21
$20.35
Each
units
Infrared, Ultraviolet, Visible Light 550nm TO-39 Through Hole 2 Si 350nm 820nm - 9.5mm 9.5mm 3.7mm 55 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5245
Mfr. Part No.BPW 21
$13.897
Each (In a Box of 40)
units
Infrared, Ultraviolet, Visible Light 550nm TO-39 Through Hole 2 Si 350nm 820nm - 9.5mm 9.5mm 3.7mm 55 ° -
RS Stock No. 913-3285
Mfr. Part No.SFH 2701
$0.482
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Infrared, Visible Light 820nm Chip LED Surface Mount 2 - 400nm 1050nm - 3.35mm 1.65mm 1.25mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 654-8233
Mfr. Part No.KOM 2125-Z
$6.94
Each
units
Infrared, Visible Light 850nm DIP Surface Mount 3 Si 400nm 1100nm - 8.5mm 4.5mm 1.2mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5300
Mfr. Part No.KOM 2125-Z
$7.676
Each (On a Reel of 1400)
units
Infrared, Visible Light 850nm DIP Surface Mount 3 Si 400nm 1100nm - 8.5mm 4.5mm 1.2mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5311
Mfr. Part No.SFH 229
$0.598
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
Infrared, Ultraviolet, Visible Light 860nm - Through Hole 2 Si 380nm 1100nm - 4mm 3mm 5.2mm 17 ° -
RS Stock No. 195-697
Mfr. Part No.SFH 203 FA
$1.01
Each
units
Infrared 900nm T-1 3/4 Through Hole 2 Si 800nm 1100nm - 5.9mm 5.9mm 9mm 20 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5285
Mfr. Part No.BPX 61
$15.793
Each (In a Box of 40)
units
Infrared, Visible Light 850nm TO-5 Through Hole 2 Si 400nm 1100nm - 9.5mm 9.5mm 3.7mm 55 ° -
RS Stock No. 654-7785
Mfr. Part No.BPX 61
$20.76
Each
units
Infrared, Visible Light 850nm TO-5 Through Hole 2 Si 400nm 1100nm - 9.5mm 9.5mm 3.7mm 55 ° -
RS Stock No. 654-8643
Mfr. Part No.SFH 229
$1.254
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Infrared, Ultraviolet, Visible Light 860nm T-1 Through Hole 2 Si 380nm 1100nm - 4mm 3mm 5.2mm 17 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5307
Mfr. Part No.BPW 34 B
$6.027
Each (On a Reel of 250)
units
Infrared, Ultraviolet, Visible Light 850nm DIP Through Hole 2 Si 350nm 1100nm - 4.5mm 4mm 2.2mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5319
Mfr. Part No.SFH 235 FA
$0.754
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
Infrared 900nm - Through Hole 2 Si 740nm 1120nm - 5.1mm 3.1mm 7.2mm 65 ° -
RS Stock No. 176-4148
Mfr. Part No.SFH 2700 FA
$0.578
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Infrared 1100nm Chip LED Surface Mount 2 Si 700nm 1100nm 0.12µs 2mm 1.25mm 0.8mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 654-7892
Mfr. Part No.BPW 34 FAS-Z
$1.71
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Infrared 880nm DIP Surface Mount 2 Si 730nm 1100nm - 4.5mm 4mm 1.2mm 60 ° -
RS Stock No. 168-5425
Mfr. Part No.SFH 2400 FAR
$0.78
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
Infrared 900nm DIP Surface Mount 3 Si 750nm 1100nm - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 124-9083
Mfr. Part No.SFH 2200
$1.499
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
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