Universal Asynchronous Receivers & Transmitters

Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter, more commonly referred to as UART, is a type of serial communication interface. UART’s primary function is to transmit and receive data via a data bus. It allows two devices, such as computers, to carry out data transmission over a wired connection. UARTs convert incoming and outgoing data bytes into a serial bit stream.


These particular UARTs are stand-alone integrated circuits (ICs). However, you can also find UARTs within microcontrollers (MCUs).


UART ICs (integrated circuits) are semiconductor devices which can be integrated into your electronics designs to enable UART communication. UART is a popular method of communication in electronics projects. It enables computer hardware to communicate with other modems and serial devices.


When choosing a UART IC, ensure that it meets the requirements of the modem transmission rate.



What does a UART consist of?


One side of the UART feature around 8 data lines and the control pins. The other side of the UART has two serial wires, the Transmission (TX) and the Receiving (RX).



Communication Standards


UARTs may feature a communication standard which defines the signals between devices. These standards include RS-232, RS-422 and RS-485.



What is baud rate?


UART baud rate is the speed at which the data is transferred which is given in bits per second (bit/s or bps). The devices that you are communicating between should both have the same baud rate.



What does Asynchronous mean?


Asynchronous is a type of serial communication where the interfaces at each end are not synchronised by a common clock signal.



What is USART?


USART is very similar in functionality to a UART device. However, it also offers the possibility of a “synchronous” mode.


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Description Price Number of Channels per Chip Standard Supported Transmit FIFO Receive FIFO Maximum Data Rate Transmitter and Receiver FIFO Counter Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Typical Operating Supply Voltage Dimensions Length Width Height
RS Stock No. 170-9073
Mfr. Part No.FT232RQ-REEL
BrandFTDI Chip
$5.188
Each (On a Reel of 6000)
units
1 RS232, RS422, RS485 UART 256B 128B 3MBd - Surface Mount QFN 32 5 V 5 x 5mm 5mm 5mm -
RS Stock No. 687-7720
Mfr. Part No.FT2232HL
BrandFTDI Chip
$12.63
Each
units
2 RS232, RS422, RS485 - - 480Mbit/s - Surface Mount LQFP 64 - 10 x 10 x 1.4mm 10mm 10mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 730-0168
Mfr. Part No.FT232RQ-REEL
BrandFTDI Chip
$6.75
Each
units
1 RS232, RS422, RS485 UART 256B 128B 3MBd - Surface Mount QFN 32 5 V 5 x 5mm 5mm 5mm -
RS Stock No. 170-9070
Mfr. Part No.FT2232HL
BrandFTDI Chip
$8.587
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
units
2 RS232, RS422, RS485 - - 480Mbit/s - Surface Mount LQFP 64 - 10 x 10 x 1.4mm 10mm 10mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 725-8846
Mfr. Part No.SC16IS752IPW,112
BrandNXP
$6.13
Each
units
2 IrDA 64B 64B 5Mbit/s - Surface Mount TSSOP 28 2.5 V, 3.3 V 9.8 x 4.5 x 0.75mm 9.8mm 4.5mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 757-0026
Mfr. Part No.FT230XQ-R
BrandFTDI Chip
$3.085
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
1 RS232, RS422, RS485, SIE, UART 512B 512B 3MBd Yes Surface Mount QFN 16 5 V 4 x 4 x 0.75mm 4mm 4mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 124-2421
Mfr. Part No.SC16IS752IPW,112
BrandNXP
$5.013
Each (In a Tube of 51)
units
2 IrDA 64B 64B 5Mbit/s - Surface Mount TSSOP 28 2.5 V, 3.3 V 9.8 x 4.5 x 0.75mm 9.8mm 4.5mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 923-1597
Mfr. Part No.FT230XQ-R
BrandFTDI Chip
$2.60
Each (On a Reel of 5000)
units
1 RS232, RS422, RS485, SIE, UART 512B 512B 3MBd Yes Surface Mount QFN 16 5 V 4 x 4 x 0.75mm 4mm 4mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 686-6005
Mfr. Part No.XR17D152CM-F
BrandEXAR
$27.08
Each
units
2 RS232, RS422, RS485 64B 64B 6.25Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount TQFP 100 5 V 14.1 x 14.1 x 1.05mm 14.1mm 14.1mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 162-4339
Mfr. Part No.TL16C450FN
$3.977
Each (In a Tube of 26)
units
1 - - - 0.256Mbit/s - Surface Mount PLCC 44 5 V 16.59 x 16.59 x 4.06mm 16.59mm 16.59mm 4.06mm
RS Stock No. 923-7661
Mfr. Part No.MAX14830ETM+
$23.562
Each (In a Tube of 43)
units
4 RS485 - - 24MBd - Surface Mount TQFN 48 2.35 → 3.6 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 0.75mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 662-5309
Mfr. Part No.TL16C554AIPN
$14.08
Each
units
4 - 16B 16B 1MBd Yes Surface Mount LQFP 80 5 V 12 x 12 x 1.4mm 12mm 12mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 769-5589
Mfr. Part No.XR16L580IM-F
BrandEXAR
$6.52
Each
units
1 IrDA, RS232, RS422, RS485 16B 16B 3.125Mbit/s - Surface Mount TQFP 48 2.25 → 5.5 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 1.05mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 178-5498
Mfr. Part No.TL16C552AFN
$23.689
Each (In a Tube of 18)
units
2 - 16B 16B 1MBd - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.23 x 24.23 x 4.06mm 24.23mm 24.23mm 4.06mm
RS Stock No. 162-8368
Mfr. Part No.TIR1000PSR
$3.045
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
- - - - - - Surface Mount SOIC 8 - 6.5 x 5.6 x 1.85mm 6.5mm 5.6mm 1.85mm
RS Stock No. 545-8117
Mfr. Part No.TL16C754BPN
$29.78
Each
units
4 - 64B 64B 3Mbit/s - Surface Mount LQFP 80 2.7 → 5.5 V 12 x 12 x 1.4mm 12mm 12mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 686-5957
Mfr. Part No.ST16C554DIQ64-F
BrandEXAR
$16.97
Each
units
4 - 16B 16B 1.5Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount LQFP 64 2.97 → 5.5 V 10.1 x 10.1 x 1.45mm 10.1mm 10.1mm 1.45mm
RS Stock No. 662-3946
Mfr. Part No.TL16C554FNR
$17.46
Each
units
4 - 16B 16B 1MBd Yes Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.23 x 24.23 x 4.06mm 24.23mm 24.23mm 4.06mm
RS Stock No. 170-4449
Mfr. Part No.ST16C554DCJ68-F
BrandEXAR
$13.596
Each (In a Tube of 19)
units
4 - 16B 16B 1.5Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount PLCC 68 2.97 → 5.5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.68mm 24.33mm 24.33mm 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 546-1472
Mfr. Part No.TL16C552FN
$19.05
Each
units
2 - 16B 16B 1Mbit/s - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.23 x 24.23 x 4.06mm 24.23mm 24.23mm 4.06mm
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