Voltage References

Voltage references are electronic devices that provide a fixed voltage. They provide a constant voltage regardless of external factors like the load on the device or fluctuations in the power supply.


Voltage references have different characteristics depending on their purpose. Voltage references used in laboratory applications are designed to have extremely high precision and accuracy, whereas those used as regulators for computer power supplies are much cheaper but less precise. 


Types of voltage references

There are many different kinds of voltage references, generally categorised by type, tolerance, rated voltage, reference voltage and rated current. The most common tolerances are ±2%, ±1% and ±0.5%, but voltage references are available even up to ±40%. 


What are voltage references used for? 

Voltage references can be used for a variety of different precision measurement and control systems such as power supplies in personal computers and analog-to-digital converters. They are also used in scientific applications and in medical equipment where voltage variations need to be tested regularly. 


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Description Price Nominal Voltage Package Type Reference Type Initial Accuracy Mounting Type Topology Maximum Output Current Maximum Input Voltage Minimum Output Voltage Maximum Output Voltage Pin Count Line Regulation Load Regulation Dimensions
RS Stock No. 166-2589
Mfr. Part No.LM336Z25
$0.142
Each (In a Bag of 10000)
units
2.5V TO-92 Programmable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 15 (Reverse)mA - - - 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.33mm
RS Stock No. 739-0448
Mfr. Part No.LM336Z25
$0.606
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
2.5V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt - - 2.44 V 2.54 V 3 - 10 mV 4.58 x 3.86 x 4.58mm
RS Stock No. 526-773
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426ILP
$4.478
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 162-4379
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426ILP
$2.379
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 178-8930
Mfr. Part No.TL431AILP
$0.361
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA - - 36 V 3 - - 5.21 x 4.19 x 5.34mm
RS Stock No. 809-5374
Mfr. Part No.TL431AILP
$0.656
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA - - 36 V 3 - - 5.21 x 4.19 x 5.34mm
RS Stock No. 527-984
Mfr. Part No.TL431AILPE3
$0.624
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 534-2876
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-2.5/NOPB
$1.21
Each
units
2.5V TO-92 Fixed ±3 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 533-5806
Mfr. Part No.LM336Z-5.0/NOPB
$0.94
Each
units
5V TO-92 Precision 1% Through Hole Shunt 10mA - 4.8 V 5.2 V 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 534-3037
Mfr. Part No.LM4040AIZ-2.5/NOPB
$2.79
Each
units
2.5V TO-92 Fixed ±0.1 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 6 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 122-0333
Mfr. Part No.TLV431BFTA
$0.231
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
1.24 - 18V SOT-23 Adjustable ±0.5 % Surface Mount Shunt 20mA 20 V 1.24 V 18 V 3 - - 3.04 x 1.4 x 1.02mm
RS Stock No. 111-1141
Mfr. Part No.REF195GPZ
$4.812
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
5V PDIP Fixed ±0.04 % Through Hole Series 30mA 18 V 4.99 V 5.01 V 8 8 ppm/V 8 ppm/mA 9.27 x 7.24 x 3.43mm
RS Stock No. 522-9975
Mfr. Part No.REF195GPZ
$7.34
Each
units
5V PDIP Fixed ±0.04 % Through Hole Series 30mA 18 V 4.99 V 5.01 V 8 8 ppm/V 8 ppm/mA 9.27 x 7.24 x 3.43mm
RS Stock No. 738-5361
Mfr. Part No.TLV431BFTA
$0.669
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
1.24 - 18V SOT-23 Adjustable ±0.5 % Surface Mount Shunt 20mA 20 V 1.24 V 18 V 3 - - 3.04 x 1.4 x 1.02mm
RS Stock No. 121-8695
Mfr. Part No.LM336Z-5.0/NOPB
$0.556
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
5V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 10mA - 4.8 V 5.2 V 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 145-6530
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-2.5/NOPB
$0.486
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
2.5V TO-92 Fixed ±3 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 162-4378
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CLP
$2.045
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 779-8971
Mfr. Part No.LT1027BCN8-5#PBF
$19.50
Each
units
5V PDIP Fixed ±0.05 % Through Hole Series 15mA 40 V 4.9975 V 5.0025 V 8 25 ppm/V 8 ppm/mA 10.16 x 6.477 x 3.302mm
RS Stock No. 761-6352
Mfr. Part No.LMV431AIMF/NOPB
$0.939
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
1.24 - 30V SOT-23 Adjustable ±1.0 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - 1.215 V 1.265 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 0.93mm
RS Stock No. 284-220
Mfr. Part No.TLE2426CLP
$4.48
Each
units
- TO-92 Adjustable - Through Hole Series 20mA 40 V 1.98 V 20.2 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
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